The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD), an organisation under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), is all set to conduct an impact assessment study of the Modernisation of Police Forces (MPF) scheme from the year 2000-01 to 2008-09.
The MPF scheme is an important initiative of the MHA towards capacity building of the state police forces, especially for meeting the emerging challenges to internal security in the form of terrorism, Naxalism, etc.
Some of the major items covered under the scheme include construction of administrative buildings (including police stations and outposts), construction of residential houses (including barracks), purchase of vehicles and motor cycles (including bullet proof/ mine proof vehicles), purchase of arms and ammunition, purchase of equipments for security, communication, crowed control, protective gear, bomb disposal, aids to investigation, improving forensic science laboratories and infrastructural facilities, etc.
The MPF scheme is in operation since 1969-70. In 2005, in view of changed security scenario, the states were categorised in two groups. Jammu & Kashmir and all northeastern states (including Sikkim since 2007-08) fall in category A, entitling them 100 per cent Central assistance and the remaining 19 states fall in category B, allowing 75 per cent Central assistance with a provision of 25 per cent share from these states.
One of the main objectives of the scheme is to reduce the dependence of the state governments on the army and central police forces to control internal security and law and order situation by way of equipping the state police forces adequately and imparting the required training.
The BPRD has already sought a “Request for Proposal” (RFP) to select a consulting agency/organisation of repute which has requisite expertise to evaluate the implementation of the MPF scheme. The main purpose of the evaluation is to find out whether the desired objectives of the scheme have been achieved and also to suggest appropriate measures for improvement.
The selected agency will carry out “physical and financial evaluation of the scheme with reference to the targets set in the Annual Action Plans” of the state governments. It will evaluate “to what extent the objectives of the scheme have been achieved” and “whether housing component should be separated from MPF and should be an independent plan scheme”. It will also evaluate the impact in terms of delivery of the police services to the common man.
The BPRD has said, “While the scheme is being implemented in 28 states and 7 Union Territories (UTs), the agency is required to select a representative sample of the states and UTs. The sample size should be sufficient to cover north, south, east, west, north-east, Naxal-affected states, desert states, border areas, metropolitan cities, etc”.
Of the states chosen for sampling, the data must be collated from the entire police force, which include all the units such as State Police HQ, Zonal HQ, Range HQ, District HQ, Police Station (Rural/Urban), Police Outpost, Women Police Station, Police Training Academy, Police Training College, Police Training School, Armed Police Battalion, Police Commissioner Office, etc.