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Muslims try to leave ghettos

Economic surge sparks a desire among those who fled mixed housing after 1992 riots to rejoin the mainstream, reports Priyanka P Narain.

india Updated: Aug 17, 2007 02:46 IST

Mansoor and Saeeda Sardar didn’t want to raise children in a Muslim ghetto. Seven years ago, they fulfilled that promise, moving from a crowded slum in Bhiwandi into a middle-class, mixed-community complex in the same neighbourhood.

Their sparse apartment is decorated with only an ayat — a saying from the Koran engraved in marble — but the home represents a “dream coming true”. “I found peace for the first time,” recalls Azba. “I felt safe. I found people who did not always fight and yell. I never, ever want to go to that ghetto again.”

Over the last few years, as the economy boomed and beckoned others with upward mobility, some Muslim families here have left neighbourhoods entirely defined by their religion — and which served as havens after the 1992-93 riots — to again enter the mainstream and find a place in the India growth story. But it hasn’t been easy.

Some report an uphill battle in their quest, from blatant housing discrimination to more subtle queries on dietary habits. This, they say, comes despite similar incomes and values of other middle-class (read non-Muslim) Indians such as placing a premium on safety, good schools, continuous water and power.

Now, some Muslims are openly questioning the double standards, inspired by the public interest litigation filed earlier this month by television actor Aamir Ali, who has asked the government: “Why are Muslims refused housing on religious grounds?”

Ali plays a Hindu on television — Saumya, the protagonist of Voh Rehne Wali Mehelon Ki. And when he tried to buy a flat in Springfield, a gated community in posh Andheri in western Mumbai, the sellers seemed thrilled to meet a celebrity.

Until they learned his real name.

“After we agreed on the terms, the broker said they no longer wanted to sell the place to me because I was a Muslim,” Ali recalled in a recent interview. “I was shocked.” Four months ago, he asked the courts to clarify if people can refuse to sell homes based on religion. “I am not a political guy, yaar… I am a TV addict. That’s all I do between shoots,” he grins.

When friends recounted similar housing ordeals, he decided he had to act. “I love this city.”

Last week, the Maharashtra high court ordered the state government to answer questions raised by Ali within four weeks.

Real estate brokers say there are many reasons why it’s hard for Muslims to find a flat. People became a little more rigid about their lifestyles, more outwardly religious, says Kishore Alreja, a broker in South Mumbai.

The city has created its own lingo to keep some communities out, he says. “Like in Walkeshwar, Napeansea area, there are a lot of Jain buildings with temples in the building, so they don’t allow non-vegetarian,” he says. “It becomes that much harder for Muslims to find a place.”

Alreja says he has not heard of an all-Muslim building — besides ghettos — in the market so far. Even if it did exist, not many Hindus would want to go live there, the broker says.

Geeta Shukla lives in a mostly Gujarati building in Mumbai’s Vile Parle section and says she fears neighbours being very religious. “What if they insist on bleeding a goat in the building? I don’t want my children to see that. Bas (enough).”

Others like Arzu glean hope from the likes of the Sardars, and say they feel newly emboldened by Ali’s petition. “Muslims are trying to find a way to come back to the mainstream and are questioning things now,” Arzu says.

The Sardars say their escape came by looking and looking until they found a place where some Muslims already lived among residents of other faiths – one of the few places that did not reject them.

“It wasn’t easy. I feel I sometimes sacrificed their childhood,” Sardar says of his children. “But I had to protect their future. There was nothing for them in a ghetto.” (Sardars’ children — Baariz, 20, and Azba, 18 — are studying in Pune.)

Saeeda Sardar, an English teacher at a government school, describes her former home: “No one was interested in studying. Young boys were constantly getting into fights, loafing on the street, staying up all night, shouting, screaming. We had to move.”

They were lucky to find this two-bedroom home, they say. The Muslims who had lived there paved the way for the Sardars, they say, and they intend to do the same for others.

On a recent day, as Ali sipped tea in his rooftop make-up room, his TV wife, Pari, paced the terrace in a yellow sari, a mangalsutra around her neck and red sindoor on her forehead.

There’s an irony: as long as he’s Saumya the Hindu, he lives a luxurious life, envied by millions of viewers. In real life, Ali found another nice, comfortable apartment in Lokhandwala — although it is still not the house he wanted to buy for his mother. Shrugging self-effacingly, he said: “I have just done what I thought was right.”