DEPUTY DIRECTOR, Horticulture and Crop Sciences at the Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR) Dr G Kallu stressed upon the need for developing new technologies to reduce the cost of agriculture production in the country to make it more lucrative and profitable.
Delivering the keynote address at the four-day 45th All-India Wheat and Barley Research Workers Meet at the Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology (CSA) here on Saturday, Dr Kallu said farmers would earn more profits if the crop production could be raised with the same inputs which they had been employing to get good yield. He said it required reduction in the prices of seeds, fertilizers, water for irrigation and the labour charges. He said ICAR had introduced ‘raised technique’ for wheat that ensured 15 to 20 per cent of crop production and reduced the cost of water, fertilizer and seed by 50 per cent.
He advised that farmers should be asked to use micronutrients for enriching the soil instead of just using the fertilizers containing high doses of Nitrogen. He said, in fact, the soil needed different nutrients at different intervals which could either be provided by using micro-nutrients after soil testing or through alternate cropping system.
He said latest researches had proved that if the wheat was sown just after the rice crop, it fetched higher yields and, therefore, the farmers should be encouraged to adopt this new crop-system to enhance the wheat produce.
Dr Kallu said that the need was to adopt the Resource Conservation Techniques (RCT) in the agriculture production to avoid degradation of the soil and environment. Under the RCT, ‘zero-tilling’ was one of the modes of farming which had yielded extraordinary results. The system required sowing of another crop soon after the one crop in the same field without wasting even a day’s time.
This reduced the cost on inputs, fertilizers, water and tilling of the land, he added.
He said the farmers who had adopted ‘zero-tilling’ system were earning good profits and high yields. He asked agro-scientists to develop technologies that were cost-effective and benefited of all classes of farmers.
Vice Chancellor of CSA Dr MM Agarwal, former Special Director General ICAR Dr MV Rao and Dr RP Katiyar also addressed the inaugural session.