Most of the 7000-odd industrial units spread in about 2,000 hectares of land in Noida are least bothered about pollution concerns or public safety, the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) has said.
A detailed study report with inputs from the Disaster Management Institute (Bhopal) says there are 12 major accident hazards (MAH) units in Gautam Buddha Nagar District. The study says, "Proprietors have no concerns for pollution as well as public safety. There is no pollution monitoring station in any of the industrial sectors. There is no data on air pollution, water pollution discharge of affluent into public water courses or water bodies.”
"Almost all industries use diesel generators for electricity everyday for few hours, without confirming to the set rules. This also adds to pollution. Most industries and use and pollute groundwater as municipal water is not available at most places. In Greater Noida the quantity of waste water generated is very high thus leading to high pollution level in water," it says.
Most units pose threats in the form of possible cases of fire, explosion and release of toxic chemicals. But besides fire extinguishers, there is no other safety measure. This could be very dangerous in case of some emergency, the study warns.
The report says, :There are no records of the material used in these industries. They have no knowledge of basic industrial norms, and awareness is very poor. Lack of knowledge and awareness can be fatal for people living in these areas." Most industries have changed their products, sometimes to those of polluting characters. Systematic records of these transfers have not been maintained. Most industries say their products don’t generate toxic by-products, but they do store hazardous material on their premises.
The NIDM report says, “The industries do not have any proper system of disposing of hazardous materials, so they are disposed into open spaces without being treated. No site has been earmarked for disposal. There is no monitoring or recording mechanism to keep track of storage of hazardous material by the industries.” Most of these products are transported by trucks, tempos or rickshaws which is neither safe nor viable.