Initial findings of a report being prepared by the CPI(M) on the implementation of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) says that there is a marked disparity in the execution of the Act among states.
There are also instances where the Act has been unevenly implemented even between the districts of the same state.
In some districts the Act has been effectively implemented, resulting in jobs for lakh. In other districts, the Act has failed to reach the jobless, reports from a dozen states have revealed.
Currently, the CPI(M) researchers are putting their heads together to analyse the data collected by its state units and research teams.
"We have received data from 13 states till now. More are expected. The data is being collected to find out whether NREGA is being properly implemented," CPI(M) general secretary, Prakash Karat said. He added that Uttar Pradesh is one state, which is faring badly.
The NREGA was launched in February 2006 to provide jobs to the millions of jobless in the villages of India. The Ministry of Rural Employment is implementing it.
Karat added that in many states the Party has had to intervene to ensure that the jobless come under the umbrella of the Act.
"State units of CPI(M) had to intervene in states like Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa, Maharashtra, Jharkhand and Haryana," Karat said.
"The intervention has helped in reducing the workload and rectifying many irregularities in its implementation," notes the Report on Implementation of Organisational Tasks, which was adopted by the CPI(M) Central Committee in September.
The issues related to the Act that have come under the scanner during the studies being conducted by Party members are workload, wages and job cards.
"We organised district-level workshops to inform people about the Act," Karat said. The workshops attracted a large number of people in Andhra Pradesh.
For the CPI(M), intervention in districts is also giving the Party an opportunity to expand the cadre base in states where it does not have a substantial following.
Involvement in implementing NREGA is another opportunity for them to do what the Party did during the nation-wide August Campaign where they held hundreds of public meetings.
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