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OBCs are better, says report

A study for Oversight panel shows OBCs perform better than general, SC/ST students, reports Chetan Chauhan.

india Updated: Oct 13, 2006 03:08 IST

Studies conducted for the Oversight Committee show that the OBC students are best performers at the college level examinations - outsmarting both general category and SC/ST students.

The studies were conducted in the four southern states having reservation in the higher education for OBC for many years.

A study conduced by Dr NR Shetty says that performance of OBC students, if they get admission in professional colleges, is better than general category students. To reach the conclusion, the study compared examination results of different category of students in the engineering stream.

Negating the popular notion that reservation can degrade the quality of education in elite institutions like IITs and IIMs, Reddy quotes data to show introduction of reservation does not impact merit of the institutions in any way.

"There does not seem to be any reduction or loss of performance due to introduction of OBC candidates," the report states.

The report also states that given a chance even 'so-called backward classes' can also perform and in some cases even better than general category students. For this, the most important resource is quality of faculty and it should be borne in mind while exercising the option of expansion, the report says.

The second study conducted by Centre for Management Development gives fact-based reply on a more pertinent issue of excluding creamy layer from ambit of reservation. It inferred that if creamy layer is included in the reservation regime, only the richer OBC would reap the benefit while the poor ones will remain in shackles.

For this, the state of Kerala was chosen as the concept of creamy layer was introduced there much before the Central Government implemented it for reservation in jobs in 1993.

Analysis of data showed that majority of students from all backward classes, except Christians, got admission in the professional colleges through the merit route rather than reservation.

It shows that when creamy layer is included in reservation the economically sound reap the maximum benefit and not poor backward class students, the report states.

The third study was conducted in the state of Tamil Nadu, which has highest reservation of 69 per cent. Dr M Anandakrishnan, chairman of IIT Madras, did the research and reiterated that quality of education is not diluted with introduction of reservation for the weaker sections. Results of various entrance examinations and final examinations of professional courses were examined.