Only 2% Indians above 15 yrs have technical education: Survey
Families earning more than Rs 2,540 per month the attendance rate in educational institutions is as high as 68 per cent, reports Chetan Chauhan.india Updated: Dec 19, 2006 23:20 IST
Economists have related state of family's education to its income but a government survey released on Tuesday tells about this relation in the Indian context.
For the families earning more than Rs 2,540 per month the attendance rate in educational institutions is as high as 68 per cent and literacy rate 98 per cent. But, the families earning less than Rs 235 per cent month, the attendance rate fell below 43 per cent and literacy rate was just 53 per cent.
The national attendance rate is 50 per cent, which means the number of those in the 5-29 age groups who are in educational institutions. Those who are not in these institutes include the ones who have some education but dropped out. The study also shows relation between literacy and family income.
The National Sample Survey Organisation's Status of Educational and Vocational Training in India had found that attendance is higher in lower age groups and it falls dramatically as the children reach the age of supplementing family income. From attendance rate of 821 out of 1,000 kids in age group of 5-14, the number falls to 114 in the 20-24 age groups, which mean only 11.4 per cent students reach higher education institutions.
Various reasons were given by those not attending educational institutions but a common refrain was 'to supplement family income' --- about 55 per cent of those not attending any educational institution fell in this category.
But that was not the case for 30 per cent girls as they left schools for doing 'domestic chores'. The percentage of such girls was, however, higher in urban areas as compared to rural areas. Then, percentage of those considering that providing education to girl child is not necessary is as high as 17 in rural India.
The study also points at poor skills among Indians. Only two per cent above 15 years of age have a technical qualification with 15 per cent of them being degree holders, 57.6 diploma holders and 27.3 per cent certificate holders.