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Orissa may turn barren in 150 years

A study by an NGO claims that with the rate of land degradation going up, the state could well become a desert.

india Updated: Nov 01, 2006 11:41 IST

With the rate of land degradation going up at an alarming pace, a study conducted by an NGO claimed that Orissa could well turn barren and a land mass akin to a desert in the next 150 years.

"In many parts of the state, specially in the western and southern uplands, there are indications of desertification. They have further degraded from drought prone to desert prone areas," Water Initiative of Orissa (WIO), a wing of Sambalpur- based NGO, Mass, said in its study.

WIO coordinator Ranjan Panda said the study was done by analysing state government statistics and a public perception survey conducted by the NGO.

In just 13 years from 1991-92 to 2004-05, severely degraded land in the state had increased by 136 per cent, barren land had increased by 69 per cent and land converted to non-agricultural uses by 34 per cent, he said.

The landmass that had undergone marked changes during these years came close to seven per cent of the state's total geographical area, Panda said.

By 2004-05, as high as 17.5 per cent of Orissa turned barren or unsuitable for agriculture.

"The way mineral and water guzzling heavy industries are being pushed, the fast pace of deforestation and mercurial behaviour of climate could cause desertification of state's land even faster," he said.

The WIO study said agricultural land in Rayagada and Jharsuguda, upcoming hubs of mineral-based industries, were shrinking very fast.

The study warned desertification would impact the livelihood of millions of people as dependence on agriculture in the state was very high.

"It has estimated that 29 lakh hectares of land have already turned barren. According to the state agriculture department statistics, about 4.33 million hectares of state's 6.56 million hectares of agricultural land would suffer severe erosion and declining fertility. This is as high as 66 per cent of total agricultural land," it said.

Analysing the climate change, the study said information gathered from weather department indicated that the global mean temperature rose by 0.5 degree celsius in the last 50 years while state's temperature had risen by one degree celsius during the same time.

Actual forest cover had shrunk by 4,797 sq km although areas classified as forest land created by the state government had increased by 2,351 sq km, the report said.

"Soil erosion due to forest degradation is critical in 52 per cent of total geographic area of the state," it said.

"When the whole world has geared up to mitigate the challenges of desertification, situation in the state is starkly the opposite. There is hardly any effort seen at the state government level to recognise this threat and work towards mitigation of the problem. The government seems to be least concerned and its policies hardly reflect any commitment to address the situation," Panda said.