Pentavalent vaccine will be introduced in Madhya Pradesh from November 1. The principal secretary, health, Pravir Krishn addressing district immunisation officers of the state on Tuesday announced that the use of new pentavalent vaccine would start by November.
After approval from Union ministry of health and family welfare to start pentavalent vaccine in 11 other states of the country, which include Madhya Pradesh, the state’s health department is set to introduce pentavalent vaccine in their immunisation programme.
The first phase of state-level training programme to introduce the new system of immunisation had already completed in the month of July. The workshop held on Tuesday was to start district level training programme in the state.
The principal secretary said preparations to introduce the vaccine have to be completed within one month. Establishment of cold chains in the districts should be also completed soon, he added.
The government of India has decided to introduce pentavalent vaccine in the national immunization programme in selected states. Pentavalent vaccine provides protection to a child against five life-threatening diseases namely diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B and Hib.
DPT (Diptheria, Pertussis, Tetanus) and hepatitis B are already part of routine immunization in India; Hib vaccine is a new addition. Together, the combination is called pentavalent.
Hib vaccine can prevent serious diseases caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b like pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia, epiglottitis, septic arthritis etc. Giving pentavalent vaccine reduces the number of pricks to a child, and provides protection from all five diseases.
In perspective of doctors, the pentavalent vaccine is relevant for the state as it reduces work load during routine vaccine. One vaccine would work for five diseases.
Pentavalent vaccine can be given to any child aged more than six weeks and up to one year of age. The pentavalent vaccine will replace the current Hepatitis B and DPT primary vaccination schedule in the immunization programme.