Proximity: Use your zoom lens with gusto and move as close as possible to your subject. With this strategy, the item you’re photographing emerges as the dominant element in the picture.
Cultural sensitivity: Proximity, however, does not override good manners. “Be respectful,” said Ellen Goldberg, a professional photographer who has taken photos of India, Israel, Sri-Lanka, Nepal and many US cities. Do your homework about local customs and culture.
Skip the colour: Sepia-toned or black-and-white shots add a vintage feel to certain images and elegance to otherwise lacklustre material.
Simplify: Unless you’re going for a panoramic nature photograph, avoid wide shots filled with multiple elements. Select simple subjects such as signs, individuals, market products or animals.
Foreground: Bold details in the foreground add depth and interest. For example, use tree branches or leaves to frame castles, temples, cathedrals, etc.