President Pranab Mukherjee on Monday addressed a joint session of both Houses of Parliament and said the fundamental tenet of his government was 'sabka saath, sabka vikaas'.
The Budget session began with President Mukherjee's address that listed down the steps taken by the central government.
"Within a span of nine months my government has embarked on a comprehensive strategy for unleashing the economy," said the President.
"My government has worked for the welfare of the poor, the marginalised and the vulnerable sections of the society," he added.
He also said the government has attached highest improtance to sustainable socio-economic growth of rural India.
"Swachhata (cleanliness) is an article of faith for my government," President Mukherjee said while talking about the Swachhta Abhiyaan which has been launched for a clean and open defecation free India by 2019.
He also urged MPs to spend 50% of MP funds under the Swachh Bharat programme.
The government, which is looking to pass key legislation, is set to face a stormy Budget session starting Monday despite its promise to walk the “extra mile” to accommodate the opposition’s concerns.
Ahead of the session, Prime Minister Narendra Modi reached out to opposition parties, saying there should be a constructive debate on all major issues.
"I am hopeful that the budget session will function in a positive environment and everyone will work in this direction to do something good," the PM told reporters outside Parliament.
"In a democracy there should be dialogue, discussion and there be positive outcome,with this determination the budget session is commencing."
On Sunday, Modi assured the Opposition of addressing all its concerns as his government sought support for the bills that will replace six ordinances, including the one that aims to overhaul the land law.
The budget -- to be presented on February 28 -- will be closely watched for the economic path the government charts. The session will be a test of the NDA's floor management skills with a heavy legislative agenda lined up.
"I can assure you that all the issues you have referred to will be discussed adequately and appropriately," the PM told an all-party meet Sunday evening.
Modi's reach-out mission started hours earlier when parliamentary affairs minister Venkaiah Naidu drove to the 10 Janpath residence of Congress chief Sonia Gandhi in the morning.
The Congress, however, remained non-committal, saying it couldn't back bills that were "anti-people".
"We have some concerns about the land law amendments," sources quoted Sonia as telling Naidu.
It was the first official engagement between the Modi government and the Congress president.
HT reported on February 20 that a senior Modi minister may meet Sonia to end the ordinance logjam, with the government planning to bring in the bills on Day 1 itself.
Farmers and social activists, led by Anna Hazare, are planning a sit-in against the land bill, which aims to make land acquisition easy for industry, to coincide with the opening day of the session.
While another contentious legislation — the insurance bill — wasn't discussed, Sonia did tell Naidu that it would be "good" to have detailed discussion on other ordinances as well, sources said.
At the all-party meeting, Modi said it was the collective responsibility of leaders of all parties to ensure that the session ran smoothly.
"…Hope we can collectively work for the benefit of common man," he said.
Congress leader in Lok Sabha Mallikarjun Kharge, who was also present during the Sonia-Naidu meeting, and party colleague Ghulam Nabi Azad, leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha, did not promise anything. The Congress parliamentary party had not met for the session, they said.
Janata Dal (United) chief Sharad Yadav said the land proposals were worse than what existed during the British time.
During the session, the focus should be on financial matters and "we must discuss the special category status for different states," Biju Janata Dal leader Bhartruhari Mahtab said.
The opposition leaders also demanded that the PM repeat on the floor of the House the remarks about the government's commitment to religious tolerance and freedom.
Video: Modi says efforts will be to discuss all issues for nation's benefit in budget session
Agenda in Parliament
The government enjoys a brute majority in Lok Sabha but in Rajya Sabha it is outnumbered by the Opposition, whose support is critical for law-making.
Naidu, interestingly, said there was a broad consensus on "five out of six" ordinances, indicating the government's willingness to negotiate a dilution of its land ordinance.
HT wrote on Sunday that the government may water down some clauses of the land bill, dubbed anti-farmer by opposition and various social groups.
The government aims to get Parliament's nod for 44 bills during the session. The coal block auction, insurance and motor vehicles law amendment (e-rickshaw) bills will be tabled in Rajya Sabha. The land bill will come up first in Lok Sabha.
The Rail Budget will be presented February 26, Economic Survey February 27 and General Budget February 28.
An official release said the financial business (11 items) includes presentation of and discussion on General and Railway Budget, voting on demands for grants, supplementary demands for grants for 2014-15 and excess demands, if any, for 2013-14.
The legislative agenda comprises introduction, consideration and passing of seven new bills by both the houses including the finance bill, 2015, and bills replacing the six ordinances.
While 10 new bills are slated to be introduced, the government's agenda includes passing of 3 bills pending in Lok Sabha and 7 in Rajya Sabha.
Those pending in the Lok Sabha are: The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill, 2014 relating to introduction of GST, The Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas and other Related Law (Amendment) Bill, 2014 and The Repealing and Amending Bill, 2014. After being passed by Lok Sabha, these bills will be taken up by Rajya Sabha.
Bills pending in Rajya Sabha include four bills already passed by Lok Sabha - The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2014, The Public Premises Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Amendment Bill, 2014, The Regional Rural Banks (Amendment) Bill, 2014, The Repealing and Amending (Second) Bill, 2014, and the Payments and Settlement Systems(Amendment) Bill, 2014.
Other pending bills are: The Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2013 and The Constitution (Scheduled Casts) Orders (Amendment) Bill, 2014.
The new bills pertain to on the National Cooperative Development Corporation, the Warehousing Corporation, Andhra Pradesh reorganisation, arbitration and conciliation, repeal of appropriation acts, registration of births and deaths, whistle blowers protection, Indian Institutes of Management, National Academic Depository and Identification of Scheduled Castes.
The non-legislative business for the session includes discussion on the motion of thanks to the President's address.
There will be 20 working days during the first half of Budget session and 13 in the second half.
During the intervening recess, standing committees will take up detailed examination of the demands for grants of different ministries.