The home ministry has spent more than Rs 5000 crore in security related expenditure (SRE) in Jammu and Kashmir over the last two decades, with Rs 286.13 crore being spent in the fiscal year of 2015 (till December) alone. Releasing these details in its annual report, the home ministry also said insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir had declined, reducing the number of civilian casualties.
From paying police personnel under SRE to reimbursing state government expenses in providing cash assistance and ration to migrant Kashmiri pundits in Jammu (SRE-relief and rehabilitation), the central ministry spent Rs 5,021.64 from 1998 to 2015, the report noted.
The security situation in the state is closely monitored by the home ministry with the state government and the ministry of defence.
The ministry also incurred charges by reimbursing the state’s expenditure on different security-related measures, including carriage of constabulary, material supplies, accommodation, honorarium to Special Police Officers (there are 24,068 SPOs in the state), raising the cost of India Reserve Battalions, transport, alternate accommodation for security forces, etc.
But where the numbers went up, there seemed to be an indirect proportionality to the numbers on violence. The report stated there was a decline in terrorist violence and civilian causalities, with 108 terrorist and 17 civilians being killed last year. In 2014, these numbers were at 110 terrorists and 28 civilians.
Since militancy began in the state in 1990, up until 2015, there have been 13,921 civilian and 4,961 security force (SF) personnel deaths.
The report also stated that infiltration attempts substantially decreased in 2015 – until November, there were 118 attempts made, of which 36 were successful. In 2014, there were 209 attempts made of which 69 were successful.
Apart from surveillance, many counter-terrorism strategies have been adopted to ‘neutralise’ militant efforts and capabilities and policies have been drafted to discourage local youth from joining militancy.
With militants continuing to change infiltration routes, measures have been adopted to strengthen border infrastructure, such as a multi-tiered deployment along the border.
There are about 40,000 registered Kashmiri migrants in Jammu, about 18,250 families, each of who are given Rs 2,500 per month with dry ration. A maximum of Rs 10,000 is given per family per month.