Normal life, on Monday, was affected in Kerela by the one-day strike called by the private bus operators to press for their demands, including fare revision.
The strike had been called by the Kerela State Private Bus Operators Federation.
With nearly 3000 buses operating in the state kept off roads, the response to the strike call was "total", a Federation employee said.
North and central Kerala, where people depend heavily on private buses, were severely hit by the strike. The strike also handicapped several people in urban area, including the city corporations of Kochi, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Kollam.
In the state capital, its impact, however, was not very serious, as most of the city services are operated by the
Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC).
The demands of the owners include immediate hike in minimum fare and reducing concession rates for students.