The world was reminded of this Thursday when Anders Behring Breivik revealed to an Oslo court that the popular military game "Call of Duty: Modern Warfare" and the online role-playing game "World of Warcraft" helped condition him for his bombing and shooting rampage that left 77 people dead last summer in Oslo and at a Labor Party youth camp on Utoya island.
History is littered with murderers inspired by art:
Charles Manson believed the lyrics to the Beatles' "Helter Skelter" were a prophecy that ignited a killing spree. John Lennon assassin Mark David Chapman was obsessed with the book "Catcher in the Rye." Columbine High School shooter Eric Harris avidly tinkered with the first-person shooter "Doom."
Others have taken their obsessions to a different level by mimicking what they've learned from film, TV shows, books and video games, using works of fiction to create real-life nightmares. Here are five examples of media over the past 40 years that have sparked terrifying atrocities:
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare
Breivik testified Thursday that he prepared for his attacks with this popular first-person shooter created by Activision Inc. developer Infinity Ward. He said he used the shoot-'em-up war simulator to practice "target acquisition" with the game's virtual holographic rifle sight, a type of laser used to aim at foes.
After being arrested for the murder of their mother, Jason Bautista and his half-brother told police in 2003 that the idea to chop off her head and hands to hide the crime was lifted from an episode of the HBO mobster drama in which Tony Soprano kills an associate and has his head and hands removed before the body is dumped.
The Secret Agent
Federal authorities said in 1996 that "Unabomber" Ted Kaczynski was inspired by the 1907 novel by Joseph Conrad that features a mad professor who abandons academia in disgust to live in isolation and build a bomb. They believed he used variations on Conrad's name as an alias when checking into hotels in Sacramento.
Natural Born Killers
The 1994 movie starring Woody Harrelson and Juliette Lewis as star-crossed killers has been linked to more than a dozen slayings, including the 1995 robbery-murder spree of Benjamin Darras and Sarah Edmondson that led to one of the victims filing a lawsuit that blamed the filmmakers for the crime spree. It was dismissed in 2001.
Dale Selby Pierre and William Andrews testified in court that they came up with the idea to quickly and efficiently kill hostages by making them ingest drain cleaner during their 1974 robbery-rape-murder dubbed the "hi-fi murders" from this 1973 thriller starring Clint Eastwood. In the film, a prostitute is forced to drink drain cleaner.