The Rolling Stones guitarist was taken into custody in Claygate, Esher, on Wednesday after officers were called by his girlfriend Ekaterina Ivanova, 20, who alleged he attacked her during a row.
The 62-year-old rocker - who was divorced by his wife Jo last month on the grounds of adultery after he began a relationship with the Russian cocktail waitress - was released on bail yesterday.
A spokesman for Surrey police said: "We can confirm that a 62-year-old man from Esher, Surrey, was arrested last night on suspicion of assault in connection with a domestic incident in Claygate high street. He has been released on bail till a date in January pending further inquiries."
The couple's relationship has become more tempestuous in recent months with Ekaterina previously threatening to kill herself and Ronnie at one point moving his belongings out of their home.
Ekaterina - who started her romance with the musician in 2008, reportedly threatened to reveal everything about their relationship if he refused to take her back.
A source said: "They were definitely on the rocks - the rows were huge. He's really unhappy. It's a bit of a fiery relationship."
Ronnie's spokesman confirmed he was arrested after an incident, but is yet to comment further.