Rural India more industrious than urban
Rural India is far more enterprising than urban areas, as it accounts for 61.3% of the country's industrial units.india Updated: Jun 12, 2006 14:09 IST
Rural India is far more enterprising than urban areas, as it accounts for 61.3 per cent of the country's industrial units compared to just 38.7 per cent in towns and cities, says the Economic Census 2005.
The census document, released on Monday, notes that Tamil Nadu was top in terms of states with highest number of industrial units -- 44.5 lakh, while Maharshtra was the largest employer with 1.18 crore jobs.
Gujarat, supposed to be an economically advanced state, is conspicuously missing from the list of toppers in the census.
Even in average annual growth in employment, rural areas fared better than urban areas with 3.33 per cent and 1.68 per cent, respectively. The share of urban and rural area in total employment is 49 per cent and 51 per cent, respectively.
"We have collected data from the largest number of enterprises and contacted 21.1 crore households," Minister of State for Statistics and Programme Implementation GK Vasan said releasing the cesus document.
The previous Economic Census was conducted in 1998.
He said unlike previous Census', the fifth Census would have a directory of enterprises employing 10 workers or more to help undertake detailed surveys in respect of services sector, which contributes 54 per cent to GDP.
As per the provisional results (the final results would come by December), there are 42.12 million enterprises engaged in different economic activities other than crop production and plantation.
Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal together account for 50 per cent of the total enterprises in the country.
Interestingly, the terror-ravaged Jammu and Kashmir registered a growth of 6.82 per cent in total employment growth followed by Sikkim (5.52 per cent), Kerala (5.39 per cent), Haryana (5.12 per cent) and Tripura (5.07 per cent).
While Tamil Nadu topped with highest number of units, Mizoram clocked the highest growth in enterprises at 9.60 per cent followed by Kerala, Tripura, Tamil Nadu and Assam.
Among the Union Territories, Delhi tops the list in both the number of enterprises, 7.53 lakh (1.79 per cent) and in total employment, 4.08 lakh (4.12 per cent) followed by Chandigarh and Pondicherry.
The total number of people working in the enterprises is about 98.97 million, which is more or less equally distributed in rural and urban areas.
At the country level, hired workers account for abour 52 per cent of the total persons employed. Adult female workers are 19 per cent of the total people employed and the corresponding figures in rural and urban areas are 24 and 14 per cent respectively. At all India level, average employment per enterprise is 2.35 and the figures for rural and urban areas are 1.94 and 2.99 respectively.
The first Economic Census was done in 1977 and the fourth Census was done in 1998.