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Self-Assessment Questionnaire to prevent diseases

During the course of a research study at IMS-BHU, researchers led by Assistant Professor Dr Kishor Patwardhan have developed a scientifically validated Self-Assessment Questionnaire, which could enable people stay fit and fine.

india Updated: Jul 02, 2010 19:04 IST
Anuraag Singh

Answer a set of 70-plus questions and know your health to prevent any diseases in future

During the course of a research study at IMS-BHU, researchers led by Assistant Professor Dr Kishor Patwardhan have developed a scientifically validated Self-Assessment Questionnaire, which could enable people stay fit and fine.

The questionnaire developed during the course of a MD research entails both filling and marking (input filling and their marking as per set parameters) by the individual (respondent only), instead of the doctor or expert trained in it.

The questionnaire containing set of 70-plus questions along with guidance at how to render marks and analyse the results, enables the person answering the questionnaire to self assess his/her constitutional make up or type -- Prakriti (seven types in accordance with Ayurveda).

Said Dr Patwardhan, an Assistant Professor at Department of Kriya Sharir, Faculty of Ayurveda, IMS-BHU (who has supervised the study), “One's Prakriti is assessed on the basis of several observable physical, physiological and psychological features and this constitution, in turn, determines the predisposition to diseases, management of the diseases and ideal life style regimen suited for an individual.

“The scientifically validated questionnaire developed for the study on Basic Cardiovascular Responses to Postural Changes, Exercise and Cold Pressor Test can help individuals to first determine the Prakriti (constitutional type), to which they belong and then devise healthy lifestyle which is most suited to keep them at bay from diseases to which their Prakriti group is vulnerable to,” Patwardhan added.

By merely filling responses to the 70-plus questions of the questionnaire and then giving each of the response mark as per set standards followed by its meticulous analysis, not only leads the respondent to the constitutional type top which he/she belongs, but will be helpful for the doctors also in preventive treatment of the individuals against diseases to which the concerned constitutional type is vulnerable.

As per the Prakriti based Ayurveda system of medicine, three mutually reciprocal physiological mechanisms known as doshas, viz, Vata, Pitta and Kapha maintain the homeostasis and thus the health. Seven constitutional types identified in Ayurveda are also based on dominance of any single or combination of two or three doshas in an individual.

The study which was the MD research of Piyush Kumar Tripathi, Junior Resident at Dept of Kriya Sharir under supervision of Dr Patwardhan dealt with Basic Cardiovascular Response to Postural Changes, Exercise and Cold Pressor Test: Do they vary in accordance with the dual constitutional types of Ayurveda.

During the course of study, 90 randomly selected clinically healthy volunteers aged between 18 and 35 years with dual constitutional type (Dvandvaja Prakrit) were studied for variability of heart rate and arterial blood pressure in response to postural changes and exercises.

As per Patwardhan, the study suggests that these basic cardiovascular responses don't vary significantly in accordance with dual constitutional types.

Study findings, however, suggest that fall in diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was not very significant in dual constitutional type, involving Pitta dosha -- VP (Vatta-Pitta type) and PK (Pitta-Kaph type) when the respondent went for Isotonic exercises/work outs.

This finding is indicative of some kind of positive association of Pitta with adrenal medullary hormones, sympathetic activity and/or other mechanisms that regulate total peripheral resistance, suggesting that individuals having Piita dosha are less predisposed to DBP fall while they perform isotonic exercises/work outs.

The study whose findings have been reported recently in an international journal of Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (ECAM) could now also be considered as a lead for future studies in this sphere.