Andhra Pradesh has shown dramatic improvement in sex ratio but is facing a capital shame with Hyderabad being lowest on the list of the number of women against every 1,000 men, according to the 2011 provisional census figures.
In the latest census, women outnumber men in 11 of the 23 districts in the state (see box). In the 2001 census, men outnumbered women in 20 districts and the sex ratio favoured women in only Nizamabad, Srikakulam and Vizianagaram districts.
While women have consolidated their position in the three strongholds, eight more districts — Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Guntur and Chittoor — have reversed the skewed sex ratio.
This has helped the state record an increased sex ratio of 992 females for every 1,000 males as against 978 in 2001.
Nizamabad retains its top position in sex ratio in the state with 1,038 females (1,017 in 2001) for every 1,000 males.
Hyderabad has the lowest sex ratio with 943 females against 1,000 males. Neighbouring Ranga Reddy and Mahabubnagar districts are just above the state capital in the sex ratio list.
The state’s population in 2011 is 8,46,55,533 and shows a decadal growth of 11.10. Of the total 5,14,38,510 literates, 2,87,59,782 are men and 2,26,78,728 women.
The number of children in the 0-6 age group are 86,42,686, of which 44,48,330 are boys and 41,94,356 girls.
According to YV Anuradha, director of census operations, Andhra Pradesh, the state has recorded a density of 308 persons per sq km as against 277 in the 2001 census. Hyderabad district has the highest density with 18,480 persons per sq km and Adilabad district the lowest at 170 persons per sq km.
The state has recorded a total literacy of 67.77% as against the 60.47% recorded in 2001 census. Male literacy rate is up by 5% at 75.56% and female literacy at 59.74% has grown by 9%. In numbers
Hyderabad has the highest literacy rate of 80.96%, followed by Ranga Reddy at 78.05% and Krishna at 74.37%. Mahabubnagar has the lowest literacy rate of 56.06%.