Sri Lanka | Jayantha Dhanapala
He was hand picked by Kofi Annan to re-establish the Department of Disarmament.india Updated: Jul 05, 2006 18:46 IST
"Except for the giants of history, most of us leave behind footprints in the sands of time. Collectively though. What we leave behind in institutions remain greater than all our individual contributions put together".
- Jayantha Dhanapala, former Under-Secy-Gen for Disarmament
Dhanapala began as a private sector executive, but became a career diplomat in 1965.
He went on to serve in key capitals such as London, Beijing, Washington, with accreditation to the UN.
His chances at UN
Upside:His wide experience, both within and outside the UN system and contribution to global affairs in areas like disarmament and management of conflict, place him ahead of his rivals.
He is 68, but looks as if he is in the mid-fifties, a veritable storehouse of energy with an enviable ability to find time for more than one kind of activity.
He knows the UN inside out. In addition to Sinhalese, French, and English, he also speaks Mandarin, which should be a big plus with Beijing.
Flipside:Being a familiar face at the UN may be a strike against him.
Also, the Security Council might just want a candidate who is not much of an insider like Dhanapala.
His chances may be hurt by the rising conflict between the Singhalese and the Tamils on his island nation.
He had represented Sri Lanka in most of the major conferences of NAM, Commonwealth, UNCTAD, ILO and WHO among other organisations.
He was hand picked by Kofi Annan to take on the challenging job of Under Secretary General to re-establish the Department of Disarmament after the UN reforms of 1997 (1998-2003).
During his tenure he piloted the UN role in arresting the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, anti-personnel landmines, conventional weapons, and weapons of mass destruction while reinforcing existing norms and norm-building in other areas.
He also broke new ground both in-house in taking managerial initiatives in gender mainstreaming and in work-life issues, as well as in the disarmament field by innovating the exchange of weapons for a development programme in Albania and other areas, and also in the cross-sectoral linking of disarmament with development, the environment and peace education programmes.
Dhanapala's UN plans
• Eliminating Terrorism.
• Enhancing international cooperation.
• Creating dialogue among civilisations and promoting compromise and tolerance to enable people to understand and respect each other's cultural values by ensuring religious freedom.
He has published four books and several articles in international journals, and has lectured in many countries.
He was awarded a MacArthur Foundation grant to research and write his book on "Multilateral Diplomacy and the NPT: An Insider's account" published by UNIDIR, Geneva in 2005.
His contributions towards the international community are widely recognised through the receipt of several awards including: Georgetown University, Washington DC, the Monterey Institute of International Studies, the Ploughshares Fund and the School of International Service of American University, Washington DC for his work in diplomacy and disarmament, and was the Global Security Institute's first recipient of the Alan Cranston Peace Award in 2002.
Dhanapala has also received several honorary degrees including Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) by the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka (2000), Doctor of Humane Letters Honoris Causa by the Monterey Institute of International Studies, USA (2001), Doctor of Science in the Social Sciences by the University of Southampton, UK (2003), Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) by the Sabaragamuwa University, Sri Lanka (2003).