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The international buzz

Here's what other countries think about the Indo-US nuclera deal:

india Updated: Aug 21, 2007 03:39 IST

Here's what other countries think about the Indo-US nuclear deal:

CHINA
Believes the deal would derail international non-proliferation efforts and fuel an arms race. It has accused the US of being soft on India and warned that if it makes a ‘nuclear exception’ for India, it could do the same for its friends (read Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar). Wants India to sign the NPT and CTBT.

But has been ambivalent of late, expressing willingness to do ‘creative thinking’ along with the NSG.

Is worried that increasing Indo-US bonhomie is a ploy to contain its presence in the region. Is using economic and military means to draw Pakistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, the Maldives and Sri Lanka into its orbit.

PAKISTAN
For obvious reasons it does not want the deal to come through. It is worried it will tilt the ‘balance of power’ in India’s favour.

Is upset with this apparent ‘US favoritism’ towards India, with Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz cancelling his visit to the US. Hopes to cut a similar deal with the US.

Is reviving Sino-Pakistani strategic partnership for both energy and security reasons. Has already allowed Beijing to use its Arabian Sea naval base of Gwadar.

Has formally approached the NSG seeking a similar deal to produce nuclear power, saying it needs more atomic power plants to meet future energy requirements.

IRAN
Since the end of the Cold War, has always enjoyed considerable bi-partisan support in India.

But is worried that Washington will put pressure on India to weaken its relationship with Tehran. US pressure has already forced India to endorse a resolution calling for the immediate referral of Iran’s nuclear programme to the U.NSC.

Sees the deal as a carrot to induce India to abandon its gas deal with Iran. Just hours after the September IAEA vote, it issued a veiled threat to cancel the deal as a sign of its displeasure over the Indian reversal.

Has attacked the deal in an attempt to counter international pressure on its own nuclear programme with its chief nuclear negotiator, Ali Larijani, declaring that such US ‘dual standard’ on countries with nuclear aspirations was detrimental to global security.

RUSSIA
Has traditionally been a strong India supporter and hopes the deal comes through. It is keen on tapping the US$100 billion in nuclear supplies market that will open up.

But as India’s biggest arms supplier, it is slightly wary of the US making inroads into its arms trade monopoly with Washington openly announcing its interest in expanding its access to India’s arms purchases.

Also India’s friendship with Washington may cause Russia to favour China or Japan in upcoming oil and gas exploration and pipeline deals in Central Asia.

JAPAN
Has expressed mixed reactions with its foreign minister worrying that the deal would set a ‘double standard’ that could hurt diplomacy over Iran and North Korea.

But Chief Cabinet secretary Shinzo Abe had earlier reacted positively by saying India, unlike North Korea, ‘shares the values of freedom, democracy, basic human rights and the rule of law.’

However, in the March 22-23 NSG meeting in Vienna, Japan had supported countries like China and Sweden in questioning the wisdom of the India-US deal.

Currently, India is doing its best to woo the support of the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, as Japan is the only nation to have been attacked with nuclear weapons and is also a major civilian atomic power.

For its part Japan has said it would wait and watch as the pact “is still under careful scrutiny’.