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Timeline of Nepal crisis

To arrest the worsening situation in Nepal, King Gyanendra has initiated consultations with foreign ambassadors.

india Updated: Apr 20, 2006 17:27 IST

2001

June 1: King Birendra and his family members are assassinated by son, Crown Prince Dipendra, in a shooting spree at the royal palace.

June 2: Dipendra declared king while still in coma. King Birendra's brother, Prince Gyanendra, declared regent.

June 4: Dipendra dies, Gyanendra takes over as King. Anti-Gyanendra protests are held in capital, Kathmandu. Curfew is imposed.

July: Maoist rebels step up violence, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala resigns.

Sher Bahadur Deuba named new prime minister, announces truce with rebels.

August 30: Government, rebels begin talks. Rebels demand new Constitution.

November: Maoists kill 24 policemen in attacks at 15 sites, ending four-month ceasefire.

November 26: King Gyanendra declares state of emergency.

2002

May: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba meets President Bush to seek support for his campaign against the rebels. Bush pledges $20 million. Maoists truce offer rejected by the government.

May 22: King Gyanendra dissolves Parliament, orders fresh elections. Deuba expelled by his party the Nepali Congress, but remains interim prime minister.

August 28: Government lifts state of emergency.

October 4: King Gyanendra fires Deuba calling him "incompetent" and incapable of holding elections on schedule. Deuba had asked for the postponement of voting due to fears of rebel violence.

Lokendra Bahadur Chand appointed to head government.

2003

January 29: Rebels declare ceasefire, begin peace talks with government.

May 30: Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand resigns.

June 4: King Gyanendra appoints monarchist Surya Bahadur Thapa, 75, as new Prime Minister.

July 31: Maoist rebels agree to government requests for a resumption of peace talks.

August 27: Maoist rebels call off seven-month ceasefire and withdraw from peace talks.

2004

May 7: Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa announces his resignation after 11 months in office and months of protests by political parties demanding a restoration of democracy.

June 2: King Gyanendra reappoints Deuba as Prime Minister.

2005

February 1: King Gyanendra dismisses government and declares a state of emergency, taking control of the kingdom.

February 3: King bans all dissent on his decision to assume power.

February 14: Maoist rebels begin a two-week nationwide road blockade in protest against the King's seizure of power. Extra troops are ordered to police highways.

March 1: At least 70 Maoist rebels and four members of Nepal's security force are killed during fierce fighting.

March 20: Political activists arrested across Nepal for holding anti-King protests.

April 8: 50 Maoist rebels are killed as 500 activists are arrested during pro-democracy rallies.

April 30: Gyanendra lifts the state of emergency.

August 10: Maoists accused of blowing up a bus, killing at least 53 people, most of them civilians.

September 3: Maoists announce a three-month unilateral ceasefire.

December 15: A soldiers kills 12 civilians after a row with villagers causing an alliance of the country's seven main political parties to call for a general strike in Kathmandu.

2006

January 2: Maoists officially end a four-month truce and blasts rock several towns only hours after.

January 6: Louise Arbour, the UN human rights commissioner, urges rebels and government forces to stop fighting.

January 12: Around 150,000 people take part in the largest anti-monarchy rally to date.

January 20: Thousands of troops are stationed in Kathmandu to enforce a curfew designed to prevent a further anti-democracy rally, backed by Maoist rebels.

January 22: Hundreds of political activists are detained by police amid calls from the main political parties for a further strike.

February 1: Rights group Amnesty International calls on Gyanendra to release nearly 900 activists held in the run-up to the first anniversary of his seizure of power.

February 5: Maoists order a seven-day general strike, one of the longest ever by the rebels.

April 6: Strikes and protests are called by opposition parties in protest at the direct rule of the King. There are fierce clashes in the capital.

April 12: After six days of protests and violent clashes, Gyanendra lifts curfew.

Maoist ideologue Prachanda appeals to security forces not to use force against protesters.

April 13: King calls for general elections.

April 14: Opposition rejects Gyanendra's offer

April 16: Gyanendra initiates consultations with foreign ambassadors, beginning with the envoys of India, the US and China.