Today in history: Apr 24 | india | Hindustan Times
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Today in history: Apr 24

1800: Congress authorised the creation of the Library of Congress. It was originally intended as a library for the use of the House and Senate, but gradually it expanded to become a national library.

india Updated: Apr 24, 2006 11:35 IST

• 1800: Congress authorised the creation of the Library of Congress. It was
           originally intended as a library for the use of the House and Senate, but
           gradually it expanded to become a national library.
• 1882: Birth of Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding (1882-          1970), British air chief marshal during the Battle of Britain (1940) in World
          War II who was largely responsible for defeating the German Air Force.
•1904: Birth of Willem de Kooning (1904-97), Dutch-born American painter, who
          was one of the leading exponents of Abstract Expressionism.
• 1916: Some 1,600 Irish nationalists launched the Easter uprising by seizing
           several key sites in Dublin. British forces put down the rising several 
           days later.
 •1973: The Supreme Court of India delivered a landmark judgement in the
           Keshavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala case overturning the earlier
           judgement (in the Golaknath case), which held that Parliament could
           not amend the Fundamental Rights and that any such changes would
           require a new Constituent Assembly. The bench, however, held that
           there were certain basic features of the Constitution (federal system,
           judicial review, parliamentary system of government among others)
           which could not be altered under Article 368, and any Act which sought
           to amend these basic features could be annulled on the ground of ultra 
           vires.
• 1990: The Hubble Space Telescope was deployed from the space shuttle
            Discovery into an orbit 381 miles above Earth. It is the first major
            orbiting observatory, carrying a 94.5-inch primary mirror with several
            instrument packages and cameras able to record various parts of the
            electromagnetic spectrum.