About two-thirds of women journalists have experienced abuse, harassment or threats at work, according to first global survey on violence against women working in the news media.
The survey by the Washington-based International Women's Media Foundation and the London-based International News Safety Institute included 822 women media workers interviewed between July and late November this year.
It found that the majority of threats, intimidation and abuse directed towards women media workers occurred in the work place and were committed by male bosses, supervisors and co-workers, according to a press release.
"It is shocking to see that more than half (64.48%) of the 822 women journalists who responded to our survey have experienced some sort of 'intimidation, threats or abuse' in relation to their work," said Elisa Lees Munoz, Executive Director of the IWMF.
The survey found that the majority of women who are harassed do not report what has happened to them, despite the fact that more than half of them confirmed that the experience had a psychological impact, the release said.
Of the respondents, 82% were reporters with 49% working in newspapers, 24% in magazines, 21% in TV and 16% in radio.
Almost 29% of the respondents worked in Asia and the Pacific, over 21% in North America, 19% in Europe, about 13% in Africa, 11% in Latin and South America, and 5% in Arab states.
The survey was carried out with funding from the Government of Austria and supported by UNESCO.