Election in the lone Nagaland Lok Sabha constituency has always been dominated by the unresolved Naga political problem. Any party which aspires to represent the state in the Parliament promises to resolve the issue in a bid to get voters support, but the problem remains where it has always been ever since the state was formed in 1963.
The constituency is witnessing a direct fight between C M Chang of NPF and former two term MP Asungba Sangtam of Congress in the April 16 parliamentary poll, though there is a candidate from Trinamool Congress too.
Both the main contending parties are wooing the voters by accusing each other of not doing enough for resolving the vexed problem. Both promise to pursue the Centre for an early settlement of the protracted problem if they win the election.
The state also goes to by-polls in four assembly seats. Whether it was assembly or parliamentary election, every electoral exercise has experienced large voter turn-out in Nagaland despite boycott calls by underground organisations.
Till the emergence of Congress into political arena of Nagaland in late seventies, this seat was represented by either of the two regional outfits.
Although in past three decades none from Nagaland was accommodated in the central ministry, former chief minister and present Maharashtra governor S C Jamir got berth in Indira Gandhi's cabinet in the 70s.
The veteran Naga politician was also a parliamentary secretary during Nehru's tenure. With the emergence of Congress, the regional politics also gathered its strength in electoral politics and by and large both the contenders captured the lone parliamentary seat equally in the past three decades.
Riding on the Janata wave during emergency era Rano Seiza, only lady parliamentarian from the state till date, wrested this seat with a landslide victory which further strengthened the regional politics in the state.
The Congress wrested the seat in 1998 parliamentary election when the party was in power in the state but this poll was boycotted by other political parties under a peculiar political circumstance. In the next year's election, the Congress retained the seat in a triangular contest which was also fought by BLP, the first foray into Nagaland electoral politics.