The leaders of G4 nations India, Germany, Japan and Brazil called for reforms in the United Nations Security Council within a fixed time frame at a summit hosted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday.
Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff, German chancellor Angela Merkel, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe and Modi stressed that a more representative, legitimate and effective council was needed to address global conflicts and crises.
“The reform of the Security Council within a fixed time frame has become an urgent and important task. The Security Council must include the world’s largest democracies, major locomotives of the global economy, and voices from all the major continents,” Modi said in his opening remarks at the summit.
After PM Modi spoke at the summit, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff said: “We need a representative and effective security council.”
“We need a reform of security council which reflects distribution of power in the world,” German Chancellor Angela Merkel said later.
The four countries that support each other’s candidature for a permanent seat on the Security Council had come together as a grouping in 2004.
“They strongly emphasized that the process underway in the UN to bring about the reform of the Security Council should be conducted, given its urgency, in a fixed time frame,” a joint press statement issued after the meeting said.
The leaders noted with concern that no “substantial progress” had been made since the 2005 World Summit where all heads of state unanimously supported “early reform” of the Security Council as an “essential element of the overall effort to reform the United Nations”.
They expressed determination to redouble their efforts towards securing concrete outcomes during the 70th session of the General Assembly.
The meeting took place against the backdrop of the recent decision of the General Assembly to begin text-based negotiations for reforms of the world body. The leaders decided to mobilise a coalition of like-minded nations to push for the reform process to be completed in a time-bound manner.
Making a strong pitch for reforms, Modi said, “Our institutions, approaches, and often mindsets, reflect the wisdom of the century we have left behind, not the century we live in. This is especially true of the United Nations Security Council.”
The G4 countries rank among the top 10 economies in the world. They are elected for a two-year term on the Security Council as non-permanent members by their respective regional groups. India has served the council twice in the past.
Though the 193-member General Assembly agreed by consensus to carry forward the negotiations, major powers such as the US, Russia and China remain non-committal on the process. But all of them, barring China, have supported India’s claim for a permanent seat on the Security Council.
Modi to visit California
After the G4 meet, Modi will travel to San Jose, California.
He will visit Tesla Motors, in Palo Alto in California, to see the path-breaking inventions on renewable energy. He will meet Apple CEO Tim Cook and later other tech company chiefs like Microsoft’s Satya Nadella, Google’s Sundar Pichai, Adobe’s Shantanu Narayen, Qualcomm’s Paul Jacobs, Cisco’s John Chambers and TiE (The Indus Entrepreneurs) president Venky Shukla.
Modi will also deliver an address at the Digital India and Digital Technology Dinner.