Taking its commitment to the environment a notch higher, the government has decided that by 2011 all vehicles will have to carry a star rating based on per kilometre fuel efficiency.
It has prepared a star-rating system — like the one for refrigerators and television sets — for vehicles based on weight and engine capacity.
Under this, the car with the maximum fuel mileage in its category will get five stars. The automobile with a single star
will be the least fuel-efficient.
The more fuel efficient a vehicle, the less polluting it is.
This year, 72 lakh two-wheelers and 15 lakh cars have been sold in India (till October-end).
Under the efficiency norms, vehicles have been divided into 16 categories — such as small cars, big cars, SUVs, tempos, trucks and buses. There will be standards and a star-rating system for each category, which the industry will have to follow.
“Fuel-efficiency labelling as per international standards has been finalised,” Kamal Nath, minister for road transport and highways, told HT. “They’ll be notified after a final round of consultation with the stakeholders.”
The government is yet to decide whether the norms will be issued under the Energy Conservation Act, as done for refrigerators and TVs, or the Motor Vehicles Act.
“We don’t have a problem as long as the notification is done under the law for emission and safety norms (that is, the Motor Vehicles Act), said Dalip Chenoy, director, Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers.
If the norms are issued under the Motor Vehicles Act, they will be implemented by the transport ministry. Otherwise, the
Bureau of Energy Efficiency, a body under the power ministry, will enforce them.