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Water enough for three months

THOUGH THE water level at Upper Lake and Kolar is decreasing fast, the present storage at these reservoirs indicates that sufficient water is available for the next three months? supply to the City.

india Updated: May 17, 2006 01:05 IST

THOUGH THE water level at Upper Lake and Kolar is decreasing fast, the present storage at these reservoirs indicates that sufficient water is available for the next three months’ supply to the City.

However, the continued mismanagement of water supply in various parts of the City, and decreasing groundwater level, are putting pressure on the water sources.

The Bhopal Municipal Corporation officials are confident about the water storage at the reservoirs and are encouraged by the news of early arrival of monsoon. At the same time, the news of possible inadequate rains has created anxiety for the next year.

On Tuesday, the Upper Lake level stood at 1657 feet, which is five feet above the dead storage level of 1652 feet. At this level, about 1088 million cubic feet (MCFt) water is stored. This quantity includes 500 MCFt of dead storage.

BMC’s Executive Engineer (Water Works Department) Sunil Shrivastava said that this water would be sufficient for catering the drinking water needs in the areas connected to the Upper Lake supply system.

The BMC claimed that it has been supplying about 25 million gallons per day (mgd) water from 10 pump houses situated at different places on the Upper Lake.

Of these, three pump houses respectively belong to Railways, BHEL and MES. At Kolar, the water level today was recorded at 442.60 meters. There is about 37 million cubic meter (mcm) of water stored in this reservoir, which is catering the need of more than half of the City population. Kolar Dam is the biggest water source for the City.

After excluding five mcm of dead storage and eight mcm of evaporation losses, about 20-25 mcm would be available for the supply from Kolar reservoir.

This is sufficient for three months’ need of the areas connected to Kolar supply system. The BMC supplies about 5.5 mcm of water from Kolar per month.

But most of the groundwater sources available with the BMC have dried up, resulting in water crisis in some areas. During normal times, the BMC provides about five

mcm of water through groundwater sources. However, this has gone down to about two mcm these days. Besides, the mismanagement and poor distribution system have resulted in water crisis in all the areas.

The BMC officials said that over the years, the small distribution pipelines were laid without any planning on the recommendation of the corporators.

This has affected the entire supply system, which was already overloaded. Moreover, the main pipelines in most of the areas have become as old as 30-40 years.

This pipeline network was not designed to cater to the need of present population, said officials. However, the mismanagement on part of the BMC administration has enhanced the water crisis, said a senior Water Works Department official.

The problems
1 Mismanagement major cause of crisis

2 Wells drying up

3 Groundwater depleting at fast pace