Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has set up the country's first-ever automatic weather station on the premises of Bibi-ka-Maqbara, the replica of Taj Mahal, to study the effects of changing climatic conditions on the heritage site in central Maharashtra.
The weather station has been installed with the collaboration of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) after a panel of experts from Japan Bank of International Cooperation (JBIC), which has funded its preservation, suggested setting up the facility for it's conservation.
Azam Shah built son of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in memory of his mother Rabia-ul-Daurani alias Dilras Banu Begum the 17th century marvel.
The station has been connected with a satellite to study the climatic conditions like temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind direction and solar radiation and their effects on the mausoleum, which is dubbed as the Taj of Deccan.
The data available from the station on hourly basis will be sent to the science branch of the ASI and United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) for analyses and suggestions.
It will also be made available on Internet, said VR Mangira, Deputy Superintending Archaeological Chemist, ASI.
The facility cost an estimated Rs 4 lakh but the ISRO has established it without charging anything.
The previous methods of studying effects of climate on the medieval monument were complicated and time consuming as the ASI had to examine each and every sample, they said.