Which cities are India’s cleanest? Union urban development minister M Venkaiah Naidu will announce on Monday afternoon the results of the second cleanliness survey “Swachh Survekshan” carried out in 73 cities with a population of over a million. There are 22 state capitals in the list.
The survey is part of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in urban areas and is done every year.
In 2014, the ministry carried out a similar exercise in 476 cities and municipalities with a population of over 100,000.
The city’s performance was judged on two sanitation parameters – open defecation and solid waste management facilities.
The survey found Delhi ranked among the dirtiest cities to live in while Mysore, Bengaluru, Kochi and Navi Mumbai were the cleanest.
Each of the cities for the 2015-16 survey were judged on their performance on each of the components of SBM -- solid waste management, construction of individual, community and public toilets and sanitation strategies and behavior change communication.
Out of a total 2,000 marks, 1,000 was for documented claims of cities in respect of their efforts, initiatives and infrastructure created, present service levels and efforts for behavioral change communication. 500 marks for independent evidence based observation of surveyors and another 500 marks for citizen responses.
Cities which consistently fare well on sanitation parameters will be given an incentive of 10 % from the Centre’s Swachh Bharat share of Rs 14,623 crore.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the government’s flagship Swachh Bharat Mission soon after taking charge in 2014. The mission aims to make the country clean and open defecation free by 2019.
Of the Rs 62,009 crore earmarked for SBM till 2019, the Centre’s contribution is Rs 14, 623 crore while respective state governments will fork out Rs 4874 crore. The remaining contribution of Rs 42, 512 crore is to be borne mainly by the private sector.