The Supreme Court turned down on Tuesday the mercy plea of terror mastermind Yakub Memon – convicted in the 1993 Mumbai serial bomb blasts case. He will be hanged by the Maharashtra government at 7am on July 30.
The only well- educated member of the Memon family was found guilty of criminal conspiracy and arranging money and managing its disbursement through the co-accused in the Mumbai serial blasts case.
Here are five things you should know about Memon:
Who is Yakub Memon?
Yakub Abdul Razak Memon, brother of fugitive terror mastermind Tiger Memon, has been behind bars since 1994, when the CBI purportedly arrested him from Kathmandu. Sources in the police department, however, said Memon returned voluntarily.
Upholding the trial verdict, the Supreme Court said in March 2013: “It is not a hyperbole to state that he was one of the driving spirits behind the plan.”
If Yakub is hanged, it will be the first execution related to the 1993 serial blasts, in which over 250 people were killed.
Charges against Memon
According to the charges, key conspirators Tiger Memon, along with Dawood Ibrahim and his brother Anees Ibrahim, had called some of their trusted men, including Yakub, to Dubai between December 1992 and January 1993 to chalk out a plan to execute the serial blasts in Mumbai.
It was alleged that Memon had played a key role in the execution of the conspiracy. He was also accused of giving financial assistance to the terrorist activity. It was alleged that Memon had, through his contacts, arranged Rs 21.90 lakh for the execution of the plan.
The prosecution had alleged that the Memon family played an active role in the blasts and that their own vehicles were used to plant bombs. Yakub was also accused of distribution of arms and ammunition, detonators and explosives to other accused.
How the case progressed
Sentenced to death by a special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) (Tada) court in 2007, Memon has exhausted all legal options in trying to escape the gallows.
While the President refused to pardon him, a three-judge Supreme Court bench, too, upheld his death sentence.
In April 2015, Memon's petition to reconsider the previous verdict was junked by a three-judge Supreme Court bench. Memon has found no takers for his many pleas.
Double masters degrees
Memon's conviction and the awarding of the death penalty did not deter him from pursuing education.
While in prison, he completed two masters degrees from Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). In 2013, Memon acquired a masters in English literature, and next year, in political science.
Imtiaz Ali played Yakub Memon
Imtiaz Ali, director of popular Bollywood films like Jab We Met and Rockstar, played the role of Memon in Anurag Kashyap’s cult film Black Friday (2004), which was based on the 1993 blasts.