The awareness about HIV/Aids in Madhya Pradesh is declining. This alarming trend has been revealed in the recent report of the National Family Health Survey-4.
As per the findings of the survey, the percentage of men having comprehensive knowledge of the disease plummeted to 29.3% in 2015-16 from 38.9% in 2005-06. In case of females, it dropped from 20% in 2005-06 to 18% in 2015-16.
The fall in the awareness level even baffled experts.
“It is very difficult to say what has led to the decline because health department is leaving no stone unturned to spread the awareness. But it could be because we are now focusing more on the prevention of parent-to-child transmission of the disease. The target now is to reduce the risk of transmitting the disease to children,” said Dr Sanjay Dixit, vice dean of the MGM medical college, Indore.
The “comprehensive” survey for the year 2015-16 tried to gauge the basic awareness level about the disease. It tried to find out about consistent use of condoms and also whether people were aware that having just one uninfected faithful sex partner can reduce the chance of getting HIV/Aids.
It tried to dispel the misconception that a healthy looking person cannot have HIV/ Aids, besides trying to ascertain the mode of transmission of the disease. The state recorded 43,959 HIV positive cases from 2005-15, according to a decadal record of the Madhya Pradesh State AIDS Control Society (MPSACS).
Indore, Jabalpur, Bhopal reported maximum HIV positive patients
Indore, Jabalpur and Bhopal reported maximum number of HIV positive patients. Indore, reported 9695 cases in the last one decade, which is 2.40% of total tested cases in the city.
The data of MPSACS till October 2015 showed that 47 lakh cases were tested in a decade. It revealed that maximum number of cases was reported among the people in the age group of 25-34 years. 87% of these cases contaminated the virus through unsafe sex. Males reported much higher percentage of cases, 60.92%. It was 38.77% in case of females and about 0.31%.among transgender people. While the survey pointed out that there was higher percentage of cases that have occurred due to unprotected sex, it also conversely claimed that the awareness about consistent condom use to safeguard from HIV/Aids increased in the state.
The awareness level among the men increased from 67.1% in 2005-06 to 70% in 2015-16. Among women it increased from 37.8% in 2005-06 to 46.8% in 2015-16.
State of AIDS
43,959: Total number of cases recorded in the state during 2005-15
Top cities with the highest number of patients
Towns with the least number of cases: Alirajpur, Panna and Umaria