A tribal woman in Sendhwa delivered an infant with anencephaly, a disorder where major portions of the child’s brain, skull and scalp fail to develop.
Kirma Bai, 20, was on Friday referred to the civil hospital in Sendhwa from Chachariya primary health centre due to complications emerging in her pregnancy.
The following day she delivered a premature baby, weighing four pounds, by caesarean from a breech presentation, where the baby positioned with the buttocks or feet first as opposed to the normal head-first presentation.
Sendhwa block medical officer Dr JP Pandit informed that the infant with anencephaly was later admitted to a special newborn care unit in Barwani for further care.
“The baby was having abnormality in which the cranial wall doesn’t develop properly and the baby’s major portion of the brain, skull and scalp were missing and it was just covered with a thin layer of membrane,” Dr Pandit said.
The deformity, Dr Pandit explained, was a congenital, cephalic disorder caused by the deficiency of folic acid in the first trimester of pregnancy, the phase where organs of the child develop. This type of neural tube deficiency is often found in the area.
“A baby with anencephaly deformity is usually blind, deaf, unaware of its surroundings and unable to feel pain, and does not survive (very long),” he said.
The newborn was not crying but had proper cardiac activity and some movement in the eyes and limbs.
As is widely prevalent in rural and backward areas, there were fears that the parents may decide to get rid of the infant because of the deformities. “That’s why we decided to send it to Barwani after due treatment,” said Dr Pandit.