Rajasthan may boast of having the highest number of universities in the country, but when it comes to enrolment of students for higher studies, the state continues to be a laggard.
The desert state has 64 universities, which is 8.4% of the total varsities in the country, according to a recent report titled ‘Annual Status of Higher Education of States and UTs in India’ prepared jointly by the Deloitte and the Confederation of Indian Industry.
In terms of total number of universities, Rajasthan is followed by Uttar Pradesh (63), Tamil Nadu (58), Karnataka (51) and Gujarat (49). But in terms of enrolment, with 2.35 lakh students in the universities, Rajasthan lags behind Tamil Nadu (8.63 lakh), Maharashtra (7.15 lakh), Delhi (6.87 lakh) and a few other states.
When it comes to number of colleges, Rajasthan stands fifth with 2,190 colleges out of 34,452 in the country. Only Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu have more colleges than Rajasthan.
In terms of enrolment in these colleges, Rajasthan with 17.2 lakh students out of country’s 342 lakh, comes behind UP (60.6 lakh), Maharashtra (37.4 lakh), Tamil Nadu (33.5 lakh), and a few other states.
The state’s gross enrolment ratio in institutes of higher education is 20%, which means of the five students of college going age, only one is attending college.
The state has 32 state private universities, 19 state public universities, 8 deemed private universities, 3 institutes of national importance, 1 state open university, and only one central university.
Rajasthan has an average enrolment rate of 3,677 students in the universities, while in the colleges it is 562, and in stand-alone institutions it is 333. The corresponding figures for total enrolment are 2.35 lakh, 17.2 lakh, and 0.8 lakh.
“Of the total enrolment among different courses in regular mode, 9.17 lakh are boys while 6.99 lakh are girls. Overall, the gross enrolment ratio (GER) in the state is 20, whereas it is 21.9 and 17.9 for males and females respectively. Among SCs the GER is 14.7 while among STs it is 15.8.” The female enrolment is higher in both the categories.
The pupil-teacher ratio in the state is 22 as against 21 at the national level. However, in terms of teachers per college ratio, the figure in Rajasthan is 24.6, which is lower than the national figure of 36.6.