Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP) will soon join the premier club of five top nations by setting up a high-energy third generation synchrotron source, which will facilitate cutting edge state-of-art cross-disciplinary scientific research. The project will cost Rs 6,000 crores.
“Synchrotron is the process of moving a particle through an electromagnetic field in such speed that it provides us photons or lights. The photons produced through this system have a wide range spetrum-- from radio waves to infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light, X-rays and gamma rays. The synchrotron light is used for measurements in basic research and technological development all over the world,” explained M. K. Sanyal, director of SINP.
The facility will boost indigenous research in various areas like drug development, automobile, nano technology, environment pollution, arsenic mitigation and preservation of artefacts and heritage architecture. “The presence of a third generation state-of-art high-energy synchrotron facility in India will provide beams of light with outstanding brilliance and stability for investigation of materials ranging from medical applications to nano technology. For India, which is perceived as the future economic leader, developing this key technology is extremely important,” said Helmut Dosch, director general, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg, Germany, which will be helping India in setting up the facility.
While several countries all over the world have synchrotron sources, only Japan, USA, Germany and European Union (Switzerland) have the high-energy third generation synchrotron source. “India will be the fifth nation to have this facility. On November 11 we had a meeting with the directors of third generation synchrotron source of the four countries. They have agreed to help us setup the facility which would be executed over the 12th and 13th plan period,” said Sanyal.
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre and Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced technology will help SINP in setting up the facility.