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HindustanTimes Thu,02 Oct 2014

Under one roof: tribal, folk arts from around the country

Soumya Vajpayee, Hindustan Times  Mumbai, November 20, 2012
First Published: 15:13 IST(20/11/2012) | Last Updated: 15:54 IST(20/11/2012)

With its vast cultural diversity, India is home to many folk art forms that thrive in different states. Potliarts, a folk and tribal art and craft venture aims to revive, showcase and promote this rich heritage of Indian handmade arts.

To this end, they have organised an exhibition and sale in the city this week. The display covers paintings from the Gond, Warli, Saura and Santhal tribes and folk paintings of the Mithila, kalamkari, patachitra and palm-leaf styles, among others.

WHAT'S ON DISPLAY
Enlightened buddha in Kalamkari. Price: Rs. 30,000
Kalamkari is a hand-painted form of art that developed around Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh, ‘kalam’ meaning pen and ‘kari’ meaning work. The art started with hand-painted temple cloth. Kalamkari paintings often illustrate Indian mythologies and epics.

Patachitra paintings (Price: Rs. 12,000)
Patachitra is an art from Odisha. Storytelling, drama, singing, folk songs and a wide range of human emotions illustrate centuries- old Patachitra paintings. It took its present form when art moved from walls to scrolls and folios.

Santhal tribal painting (Price: Rs. 7,000)
The ‘Jadu Patuas’ (magician painters) from Bihar and West Bengal paint scrolls for the Santhal tribe. Santhal paintings often depict tribal villages and their people and include scenes like harvesting, dancing, festivities, social themes and group activities.

Saura tribal art painting (Price: Rs. 20,000)
The Saura tribe of Odisha is one of India’s oldest tribes. Saura paintings are done to appease the Gods and the ancestors. These drawings are also made for averting disease, promoting fertility and depicting festive occasions.

Gond painting (Price Rs. 6,000)
The Gond tribe is the largest nomadic tribal group in Central India. Gond paintings are inspired by nature and religious beliefs and include their visual interpretation of people, animals, birds, trees (with faces), deities, huts and village scenes.

Gadwakam metal cast (Price: Rs. 30,000)
Gadwakam is also known as cire perdue (French name for the method of casting bronze in a wax mould). The art originated in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. India has a distinguished history of Gadwakam in its earliest records, as seen in the iron beams of the sun temple in Konark, Odisha, and the iron pillar at Qutb Minar in Delhi.

Paithani saris (Price: Rs. 10,800)
Originating in Maharashtra, Paithani saris have an ingenious interlocking tapestry technique to pattern their metal borders and pallus (end panels). The outstanding feature of the sari is the gold-woven pattern, which gives the fabric an enamelled look. This style of woven patterning is called minakari.

Lambani tribal embroidered sari (Price: Rs. 4,300)
Lambani are part of the Banjara (gypsy) tribes. The exquisite, hand-crafted embroidery of the Lambani tribe from Shimoga in Karnataka is inspired by the woods.

Hand woven batik sari (Price: Rs. 3,500)
Bengal makes a wide range of exquisite hand-woven fabrics like Shantiniketan cotton, Tangail saris, baluchari saris, jamdani muslins. These saris are made in the traditional jamdani technique with batik and hand block painted patterns.

The exhibition is on until November 21 from 11 am to 5 pm at the Coomaraswamy Hall, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Kala Ghoda.


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