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HindustanTimes Sat,19 Apr 2014

Dos and don’ts to tackle stomach flu

Hindustan Times  New Delhi, April 26, 2013
First Published: 17:27 IST(26/4/2013) | Last Updated: 01:08 IST(27/4/2013)

If you too land up getting a bad bout of the disease. A common ailment of the stomach caused by the inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, the typical symptoms of stomach flu include diarrhoea and mild fever with extreme stomach cramps. In addition, you may also have swollen lymph glands, depending on the virus or bacteria that causes it. While in normal or mild cases, a patient may experience only some of these symptoms, which clear up in a day or two with proper care and restrictions at home. If the condition does not ease and if there are traces of blood in the stool then it’s always advisable to see a doctor, without delay.

Common Symptoms
Diarrhoea in the form of watery stools
Nausea
Vomiting
Headache and muscle aches
Abdominal pain and cramps
Low grade fever and chills
Excessive thirst, dry tongue and decreased urination
Lethargy, irritability, dizziness and fatigue

Dos

With frequent vomiting and diarrhoea the patient may lose a lot of body fluids and there may be a tendency of dehydration. Sips of water or even sucking on ice pops would
help. If there is excessive loss of body fluid then some electrolyte replacement fluids should be given. 
A patient may feel lethargic and fatigued. The best remedy for this is rest. Loose motions and vomiting can tire a person out and the body will need rest.
Food items that are safe and helpful in this condition include yogurt, ripe banana, rice or rice-based items like idly, grated apples, papaya juice etc. Add cinnamon in tea for relief from cramps.

Don’ts

Complete rest is the best remedy so do not head out in the sun.
Avoid alcoholic drinks, caffeine, citrus fruit juices, milk and products like cheese, butter, ice cream etc. Sugary drinks such as processed fruit juices, soft drinks, sports drinks etc. can make the diarrhoea worse. Do not consume oily, spicy foods, and stay away from synthesized foods.

(with inputs from Vikash Tripathi, president, VIVO Healthcare)


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