Future of the country depends on the youth, but 70% of them have not studied beyond elementary school, said distinguished professor of ISRO, Bangalore, YS Rajan.
He was delivering a lecture on ‘Future of India and Indians’ at a programme organised to celebrate the diamond jubilee of National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) here on Friday.
Addressing the participants, he said that as economic growth in villages is insufficient to support the youth, they move to towns and cities in search of jobs. However, to cater to the demands of the growing population, even the job opportunities in cities are inadequate.
“It is estimated that youth population grows by approximately 20 million each year and the most critical problem facing India is the joblessness of its youth,” he said.
“It is sad that around 70% of the country’s youth have not gone beyond elementary schooling and have not been trained in the skills needed for the modern Indian economy,” the ISRO professor said.
“Though the government of India is taking corrective measures by opening more IITs, NIT universities, National Skill Development Corporation and introducing NREGA and direct cash transfer schemes through Aadhar cards for the unemployed/jobless, it has not addressed the basic issue-to provide sustainable income for youths between 13-35 years,” Rajan said.
According to the MSD/MV report, youths between 15 and 35 years do not have sustainable income. The report mentions that unemployment rate is not only higher among people between 20 and 25 years, but their wages are also very low. Even if they manage to get some job they can get it only in unorganised sector.
“Youth therefore have to lead a wretched life with no income and no job due to which they develop low selfesteem. The reason behind it may be attributed to the lack of education,” he said. As per 2007-08 data only 18.8% of workers have completed received education, whereas 4.2% have completed post-secondary level of education.