Tobacco harms nearly every organ in the body. Heart, lungs, eyes, mouth, reproductive organs, bones, bladder and digestive organs all are adversely affected with tobacco consumption, said experts at a conference on World No Tobacco Day on Sunday.
Dr Kauser Usman, senior faculty KGMU, Prof Rajendra Prasad former director Vallabh Bhai Patel Chest Institute, New Delhi and Dr Rama Kant said that chemicals in tobacco directly harmed the blood cells.
“Whether through smoking or otherwise, tobacco consumption has a direct adverse impact on the human body. It also can damage your heart and the structure and function of blood vessels. This damage increases your risk of atherosclerosis, a disease that narrows the arteries,” said Dr Usman.
Atherosclerosis limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to organs and other parts of the body.
Hence the adverse effect is on all vital organs and any one of them can get damaged, with the most vulnerable being the heart.
“Smoking is estimated to cause nearly 10% of cardiovascular diseases apart from COPD,” said Prof Prasad.
Speakers emphasised that cigarette or bidi both were highly injurious with bidi being more harmful.
“Bidi is usually puffed without filter and the smoker needs to puff regularly and strongly to keep it ignited, hence it causes greater damage despite having one-fourth of the tobacco in comparison to cigarette,” said Dr Ramakant.
During the programme, children who had bagged prizes in different school level antitobacco slogan contest were also given prizes. First prize was bagged by Tanishka Gupta (Class 10) of St Mary’s Inter College, while second prize went to Mansi Vinay (Class 10) GD Goenka School. The third prize went to two students Ayush Bhardwaj (Class 6) of Modern Academy and Asiya Siddiqui (Class 11) of St Mary’s Inter College.