Uttar Pradesh will be the country’s fourth most power-deficient state after Bihar, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir during the current financial year even though India as a whole will have surplus electricity.
This means people in UP will have no respite from power cuts till October after which the situation is expected to improve.
The state will be second only to Jammu and Kashmir in energy shortage in the northern region. There are nine states, including Delhi, in the region and the national capital will have surplus electricity during the year.
The energy forecast made by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) in its latest annual Load Generation Balance Report (LGBR) 2016-17 shows that the country is likely to experience energy surplus of 1.1% and peak surplus of 3.1%.
Sixteen states/union territories (UTs) would have energy deficit and 11 states/UTs would have peak deficit of varying degrees. Eighteen states/ UTs would have net surplus energy and 24 states/UTs would have peak surplus on an annual basis.Continuing to maintain the status of being one of the country’s top power deficit states, Uttar Pradesh will experience an average demand for 16,000 MW during the year. But the state will be able to meet only 14,454 MW demand, leaving a shortfall of 1,546 MW which will be as high as 9.7% of the total demand.
Giving month-wise expected demand-supply during the year, the report indicates that UP will continue to have demand-supply gap between April and November while it will have only marginally surplus power between December and March.The state will experience power shortage as high 14.1% in May and June and 11.4% in October-the month from when the UP Power Corporation Ltd (UPPCL) intends to enhance electricity supply hours in the election-bound state.
The CEA, last year, predicted 12.5% power shortage in UP during 2015-16 and the forecast happened to be correct. But the state will remain in a better position vis-à-vis what it was during the last financial year.As per the CEA, the assessment of the anticipated power supply position in the country during the year 2016-17 has been made, taking into consideration the power availability from various stations in operation, including non-conventional energy sources, fuel availability, and anticipated water availability at hydroelectric stations.
A capacity addition of 16654.5 MW during the year 2016-17, comprising 13440.5 MW of thermal, 1714 MW of hydro and 1,500 MW of nuclear power stations has been considered.
The gross energy generation in the country has been assessed as 1178 BU from the conventional power plants in operation and those expected to be commissioned during the year in consultation with generating companies/ SEBs and taking into consideration the proposed maintenance schedule of the units during the year.