The chances of contamination of water go high during monsoon. But, one can avoid ailments by taking proper precautions.
According to Guru Angad Dev Animal and Veterinary Science University (GADVASU), water-borne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms that are most commonly transmitted through contaminated fresh water.
Dr JPS Gill, director, School of Public Health and Zoonoses, GADVASU, said water-borne diseases could be parasitic, bacterial and viral, many of which were intestinal pathogens.
Many water-borne diseases such as giardiasis, cryptosporidiosis, hepatitis A and E, viral infections, leptospirosis, typhoid, cholera and food poisonings can occur due to drinking contaminated water during the rainy season.
“Infection commonly occurs when this contaminated water is used during bathing, washing, drinking, cooking, or consumption of food thus infected,” Dr Gill said.
According to the World Health Organisation, diarrhoeal diseases account for an estimated 4.2% of the total daily global burden of disease and is responsible for the deaths of 1.9 million people every year.
It is estimated that 88% of that burden is attributable to unsafe water supply, sanitation and hygiene, and is mostly concentrated in children in developing countries.
The official further said people should consume boiled or purified water. “Water should be boiled for at least 20 minutes to kill eggs of infecting parasites. In case of any doubt, the water sample should be got tested from authorised laboratories,” Dr Gill added.
He said testing facility was available at the School of Public Health and Zoonosis in the university.
A few steps to avoid diseases
1) Ensure water is not accumulated in around houses
2)Use clean water to brush your teeth, wash and prepare food.
3)Wash your hands with soap and clean water before eating, cooking, feeding children, and after using the toilet.
4)Avoid raw foods other than fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself.
5)Take bath using antiseptics to take care of any lingering skin infections from the polluted water.