As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), a total of 14, 59,178 cases registered under various sections of the Indian penal Code (IPC) were pending trial at the end of 2015.
In 1,10,501 cases, trials were completed in the state. Out of these cases, convictions occured in 36,450 caseswhile, the rest (74,051) resulted in acquittals. The conviction rate in the state stood at 33% while the pendency rate stood at 92%.
When it comes to disposal of IPC criminal cases by the police, 2,51,818 cases were closed while investigation in 1,68,840 cases was pending by the end of 2015. The rate at which charge-sheets were filed was pegged at 72.4% while percentage of pending cases was registsred 40.1%.
“When it comes to the disposal of pending cases by the police, most of the offences are petty. The problem is manpower crunch. With the addition of new enactments, polcie are given power to act in cases pertaining copyright and environment. The addition of cyber crime branch has added to the police strength. With urbanisation, people are shifting from villages to cities and hence more police personnel are needed in the urban areas,” said YP Singh, foremr IPS officer and lawyer.
He added, “When it comes to pendency in court cases, the defence delays the cases while police have no time to pursue these cases. Factors such as ensuring presence of witness, producing right documents and service of charge-sheet and documents to accused are time-consuming,” he added.
Number of cases registered in 2015
Madhya Pradesh: 634
Figures at glance
Cases pending trail at the end of 2015: 14,59,178
Trails completed across Maharashtra: 1,10,501
Conviction rate: 33 %
Charge-sheet rate: 72.4 %