There have been 135 outbreaks of dengue between January and November 15 in Maharashtra, the state health department has said.
According to the directorate of health services (DHS), an outbreak is declared if more than five cases per 1,000 people are reported in a locality in a week. “Once an outbreak is declared, steps such as survey, identification and eradication of breeding spots, among others, need to be conducted,” said Dr Sham Nimgade, epidemiologist, DHS.
The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) reported 773 confirmed cases of dengue, with over 4,000 suspected cases, this year.
The civic body confirmed only 12 dengue deaths, of the 19 that were reported. The civic body has said the data for dengue is collated in a different manner and does not go by the standard definition.
“We get a final data, after collating reports from all wards in the city. We will be able to identify an outbreak if we conduct a micro-level observation in each ward,” said Dr Mangala Gomare, chief of epidemiology, BMC.
Meanwhile, the cases of dengue, according to the weekly report of the civic body, seem to be on the decline. In the first week of November, there were 41 cases of dengue reported compared with the current week (33). “If we look at the figures in November, there is a downward trend,” said Gomare.
Private hospitals, too, have recorded drop in cases. Dr Hussain Nalwala, a general physician from Byculla, said, “I have seen a reduction in the cases in the past few days. Earlier, I used to get seven to eight new cases a week. But, in the past five days, I have not got any case.”