47% Maharashtra homes are without toilets
A staggering 46.9% households in Maharashtra do not have toilet facility though 69% homes boast of telephone/mobile phones, while 56.8% have television sets in the State.mumbai Updated: Mar 19, 2013 21:08 IST
A staggering 46.9% households in Maharashtra do not have toilet facility though 69% homes boast of telephone/mobile phones, while 56.8% have television sets in the State.
These facts were revealed in the Economic Survey for 2012-13, which was tabled in the State legislature on Tuesday.
Sanitation facilities are lacking in 62% of rural households and 28.7% urban homes, it said.
About 34% household members resorted to open defecation, while 12.9% reported use of public toilet.
The highest proportion of households having toilet facility within premises was found in Sindhudurg district (75.9%) while the lowest proportion was in Beed (25.1%).
About 64.3% households reported having bathroom with covered roof and 14.6% homes used open space (ie without any enclosure).
In urban areas 86.0% households had bathroom in their premises but in rural areas this proportion was just 46.2%, the survey said.
About 4.6% households in urban areas and 22.9% in rural areas did not have any type of bathroom.
The proportion of households using tap water as main source of drinking water in urban areas was 89.1% and in rural areas it was 50.2%.
Lowest proportion of households having tap water as main source was reported in Gondia district (17.5%) and Gadchiroli district (19.5%).
Electricity as the main source of lighting was reported by 83.9% households. Kerosene was the second main source of lighting, but proportion of households reporting use of kerosene was found to be only 14.5%.
According to the survey, 96.2% urban homes and 73.8% rural households reported use of electricity as source of lighting, the survey said.
The lowest proportion of households reporting electricity as source of lighting was found in Nandurbar (58.3%) and Gadchiroli (59.2%), the survey said.
About 32.5% households reported do not have any drainage system. These included 52.2% in rural and 8.8% in urban areas. The proportion of households reporting open drainage was 39.1% in rural and 28.4% in urban areas.
Around 72.7% households were having kitchen in their premises. LPG (43.4%) and firewood (42.6%) were the main sources of fuel for cooking, it said.
The proportion of households using LPG was 74.1% in urban areas and 17.9% in rural areas.
The proportion of households reporting use of firewood for cooking was 68.9% in rural areas and 10.8% in urban areas, it said.
The proportion of households in the State having TV was 56.8%. The proportion of households having computer/laptop with and without Internet was 5.8% and 7.5% respectively, the survey said.
Around 69.1% households had telephone/mobile phone. The proportion of households having two wheelers was 24.9%, while the proportion of households having four wheelers was 5.9%.
On the Aadhaar card programme, the survey noted that 5.2 crore persons were enrolled and 4.04 crore UIDs were generated in the State till February 14, 2013.
The State has maintained first position in generation of UID in India, it said.