Child sex ratio in state still abysmal
The provisional figures in census 2011 show an alarming sex ratio in the state, even though there has been a marginal increase in the growth rate of females from the preceding decade.mumbai Updated: Apr 02, 2011 01:44 IST
The provisional figures in census 2011 show an alarming sex ratio in the state, even though there has been a marginal increase in the growth rate of females from the preceding decade.
Overall, the state’s sex ratio has increased from 922 in 2001 to 925 in 2011, but the sex ratio (number of females per 1,000 males) has declined in 22 out of the 35 districts in the state, pointing to lakhs of missing girl children.
Mumbai city and suburbs continue to have a poor sex ratio, with 838 females and 857 females per 1,000 males respectively. Urbanised districts of Thane, Pune, Aurangabad follow with a poor sex ratio, pointing to the mushrooming of prenatal sex centres.
Experts say migration of single males is also one of the contributors of the poor sex ratio in the city and suburbs.
“The child sex ratio is worrying because there is a significant decline in the number of females up to the age of six. The state’s child sex ratio stands at 883, considerably less than the national average of 914,’’ said Ranjit Singh Deol, director, Census Operations, Mumbai.
The child sex ratio in 2001 was 913 and the census 2011 figures reveal a reduction of 30 girl children per 1,000 boys.
Beed has the poorest child sex ratio at 801 showing a reduction of 93 girls per 1,000 boys from the figure of 894 in 2001. Six other districts have child a sex ratio below 850 — Jalgaon, Ahmednagar, Buldhana, Kolhapur, Jalna and Aurangabad.
“There is a clear correlation between sonography clinics and poor sex ratios,” said Priya Khan, analyst for Socio-Political Analysis and Research Kendra (SPARK).
Interestingly, a high sex ratio has been seen in backward tribal districts of Gadchiroli (975), Nandurbar (972), Gondiya (996), Ratnagiri (1,123) and Sindhudurg (1,037).
Khan said that in tribal cultures there was little discrimination between women and men, which is reflected in the sex ratio.