Students can now do a diploma in automotive technology and aircraft maintenance engineering in the state and be certified by the Kangan Institute, a vocational education institute in Victoria, Australia.
The internationally-recognised diploma will allow students to work across the world.
The state government and the government of Victoria signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on Tuesday.
Polytechnics across the state will begin offering the two-year aircraft maintenance engineering course from this year while the three-year automotive technology course will start from next year.
"This will be a boost for vocational education and the courses have been customised to cater to the needs of the Indian learner," said PM Khodke, director, Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education.
The MoU is part of a larger educational partnership that the state shares with Australia. For the past three years, Australia has been hiring skilled labour from the state through Industrial Training Institutes (ITI).
Meanwhile, the Victorian government also announced that it will give AUD$3,00,000 (Rs 1,42,43,606) to Kangan Institute to train 300 vocational teachers in Maharashtra.
"Kangan Institute is one of Victoria's top quality technical training institutions. The partnership will support Maharashtra to build the skills of its workforce, improve business productivity," said Louise Asher, Victorian minister for innovation, services and small business.
The training model will be customised for Maharashtra. Teachers who complete the training will have follow-up mentoring and support sessions as well.