When Abu Salem was extradited in November 2005, the India government had assured Portugal that the gangster would be tired in only eight cases and not be given death penalty or charged with any section of law which entails jail for more than 25 years.
However, the Portugal's Supreme Court recently cancelled Salem’s extradition saying that the CBI had violated the extradition treaty between the two countries.
On September 15, 1993, the designated TADA court had issued proclamation against Salem, who is one of the prime accused in the 1993 Mumbai blasts. A month later he was declared a proclaimed offender and the Interpol wing of the CBI issued a Red Corner Notice.
On September 18, 2002, the Lisbon police detained the gangster on the basis of the notice.
For his extradition, India had submitted an undertaking signed by the then deputy prime sinister stating it would exercise powers conferred by the law to ensure that the assurance were complied with.
On May 25, 2003, the Indian ambassador in Lisbon assured the authorities and courts that Salem would not be prosecuted for offences other than those for which his extradition had been sought and would not be re-extradited to a third country.
The Supreme Court of Portugal allowed Salem to be extradited to India for trial in eight criminal cases, including the 1993 blasts.