When Samiksha Salian, 30, gave birth to her first child, Neevaan, in 2009, she did not realise that the abnormal shape of his head could stem from a rare birth defect that could hamper his brain’s growth.
When Neevan turned one, he was diagnosed with craniosynostosis, a congenital defect in which a premature fusion of the skull sutures leads to restriction of skull growth and increased pressure in the brain.
Neevaan underwent a surgery last September to correct the defect at Bhatia Hospital, Grant Road. It was only last month when doctors confirmed his normal progress, that Salian was relieved.
“I thought the abnormal head size will get in shape with regular massage,” said the Vile Parle resident.
The gravity of Neevan’s condition came to light in last July when Neevan had a severe convulsion and had to be admitted in the intensive care unit. “The doctors told us to show him to a paediatric neurosurgeon,” said Salian.
“Neevan’s skull was compressed on one side. He was suffering from bicoronal synostosis, a type of craniosynostosis,” said Dr Naresh Biyani, paediatric neurosurgeon, Bhatia Hospital, Grant Road.
The CT scan revealed that both joints of the skull were fused prematurely, which are open in a normal child.
The inside of the skull showed signs of raised pressure on the brain.
As the baby was growing, his brain was becoming larger and it could not find space to grow. “If not operated in time, it could have hindered the growth of the brain. The pressure could have also lead to blindness,” said Biyani
The doctors did a surgery and found that a new forehead was reconstructed using his forehead bones.
“Craniosynostosis is not very common. When it leads to restriction of the growth of the skull, leading to pressures in the brain and eyes, it should be operated as early as possible,” said Dr Deepu Banerji, neurosurgeon, Fortis Hospital, Mulund.