About 22 top scientists and engineers from different parts of the globe met at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) on Monday to begin deliberations on an international project that will benefit the second phase of India’s biggest
basic science project, the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO).
Over the next three days, physicists’ discussions will center on the Neutrino Factory, which is a proposed particle accelerator complex that will study the properties of neutrinos.
Neutrinos are key to understanding the evolution of the universe, energy production mechanisms in the Sun and other stars. Split into three groups, the scientists will brainstorm on the design of the accelerator, the detectors and the physics performed in the laboratory.
Stating that the European Committee for Future Accelerators has expressed interest in receiving the design report of the accelerator, director of the International Design for the Neutrino Factory, Kenneth Long said, “We have not shared the nascent design document with anyone. So we need to produce a good report for the funding agencies to take note.”
The proposed Indian observatory in Tamil Nadu has an advantage in the international experiment — slated to be operational in 2017 — as it lies at a distance of 7,000 km for the neutrino beam to pass through the earth when shot from an accelerator site in Europe or Japan.