The unique identification (UID) project will kick off in Maharashtra from November 1, 2010. The UID number will be a single source of identity verification that can be used by an individual across the country.
It will spare citizens the hassles of repeatedly providing identity proof documents each time they wish to access services — opening a bank account, obtaining a passport or driving licence, etc.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will launch the project on September 29 in the tribal district of Nandurbar.
“This will be the first launch in the country and villagers will be provided with an unique identity number. The villagers will also be told about the importance of UID and its usage in government schemes,” said Dr Ajay Bhushan Pandey, deputy director general (Mumbai), Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).
The process will begin with locals being given addresses of enrolling agencies — government offices, banks, insurance companies — where they will have to fill and submit forms along with one identity and one address proof.
The UIDAI has identified 29 and 17 documents that can be submitted as proofs for address and identity respectively. This would serve as the demographic data.
The agency would capture photos, fingerprints and iris of individuals, which will be their biometric data stored against the UID number.
“There will be no card issued since they can be tampered with. A letter will be given by the UIDAI indicating the UID number and the demographic information collected at the time of enrolment. The letter will have a tear away portion, which can be preserved by the resident,” a government official said.
An individual’s biometric data will be used for verification, but agencies may also use an online system provided by UIDAI to verify the demographic details, added the official.