WASHINGTON: The US intelligence community had concluded as early as 1964, that India was in a position to develop nuclear weapons, a declassified State Department report said, citing frequent change of the fuel core of the Canadasupplied reactor at Trombay.
“The Indians are now in a position to begin nuclear weapons development if they chose to do so. We have no evidence, however, of a weapon research and development programme and would expect to see some if the programme existed,” the State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) said in a report on May 14, 1964.
The report along with several others was published on Wednesday by the National Security Archive and the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project.
Noting that the fuel core of the Canadian-Indian Reactor (CIR) at Trombay was being changed every six months, the US intelligence report had raised questions about India’s nuclear objectives.
It said a six-month period was quite short for “normal research reactor operations,” but it was the optimum time for using the CIR’s spent fuel for producing weapons grade plutonium. The report said the Canadians had not established specific safeguards when they made the reactor available to India thus giving the Indians a free hand in using the newlybuilt Phoenix plutonium separation plant to produce the fissile material.
INR report said it had no “direct evidence” of an Indian we ap on s p ro gr a m m e an d believed it was “unlikely” that India had made a decision to build a bomb.